TSIOLKOVSKY, Konstantin (Eduardovich)

TSIOLKOVSKY, Konstantin (Eduardovich)
   Russian scientist and writer. He began investigating the possibility of SPACE FLIGHT in 1878. In his monograph Free Space (1883 chap) he suggested that SPACESHIPS would have to operate by jet propulsion. His consideration of some of the practical difficulties led to a paper entitled "How to Protect Fragile and Delicate Objects from Jolts and Shocks" (1891). In 1903 he published the classic paper "The Probing of Space by Means of Jet Devices", proposing that space travel could beachieved using multistage liquid-fuelled ROCKETS. He wrote a good deal of didactic sf, mostly for young readers, in order to popularize his ideas. All of this is collected, along with several essays by or aboutTsiolkovsky, in a vol ed V. Dutt, Put' k zbezdam (coll 1960 USSR; trans by various hands as The Call of the Cosmos 1963 USSR; unauthorized edn, with cuts, vt The Science Fiction of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky 1979 US), the US version substituting an intro by one "Adam Starchild", also falsely credited as ed. The sf stories include the novelette On the Moon (written 1887; 1893), Dreams of Earth and Sky (coll 1895), and a full-length novel,Vne zemli (1916 Priroda i Lyudi; exp 1920; trans in this coll as "Outside the Earth"; also appeared trans, with intro, Kenneth Syers as Beyond the Planet Earth 1960 US), which is an account of the building and launchingof a spaceship by an international group of scientists which ends with the initiation of a project to colonize the Solar System.KT was the first great pioneer of space research and the first real prophet of the myth of the conquest of space which has played such a vital role in modern sf. The inscription on the obelisk marking his grave reads: "Man will not always stay on Earth; the pursuit of light and space will lead him to penetrate the bounds of the atmosphere, timidly at first but in the end to conquer the whole of solar space."

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin Eduardovich — ▪ Soviet scientist born Sept. 5 [Sept. 17, New Style], 1857, Izhevskoye, Russia died Sept. 19, 1935, Kaluga, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics who pioneered rocket and space (space exploration)… …   Universalium

  • Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovskii — Infobox Scientist name = Konstantin Tsiolkovsky box width = image width =150px caption = Konstantin Tsiolkovsky birth date = OldStyleDate|September 17|1857|September 5 birth place = Izhevskoye death date = September 19, 1935 death place = Kaluga… …   Wikipedia

  • Konstantin Tsiolkovsky — Born 17 September [O.S. 5 September] …   Wikipedia

  • Konstantín Tsiolkovski — Nacimiento 17 de septiembre de 1857 Izhévskoye Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tsiolkovsky — /tsyawl kawf skee, kof /; Russ. /tsul kawf skyee/, n. Konstantin Eduardovich /kon steuhn teen ed wahr deuh vich/; Russ. /keuhn stun tyeen e dooh ahrdd deuh vyich/, 1857 1935, Russian inventor and rocket expert. * * * …   Universalium

  • Tsiolkovsky — /tsyawl kawf skee, kof /; Russ. /tsul kawf skyee/, n. Konstantin Eduardovich /kon steuhn teen ed wahr deuh vich/; Russ. /keuhn stun tyeen e dooh ahrdd deuh vyich/, 1857 1935, Russian inventor and rocket expert …   Useful english dictionary

  • launch vehicle — Aerospace. a rocket used to launch a spacecraft or satellite into orbit or a space probe into space. [1955 1960] * * * Rocket system that boosts a spacecraft into Earth orbit or beyond Earth s gravitational pull. A wide variety of launch vehicles …   Universalium

  • space exploration — Investigation of the universe beyond Earth s atmosphere by means of manned and unmanned spacecraft. Study of the use of rockets for spaceflight began early in the 20th century. Germany s research on rocket propulsion in the 1930s led to… …   Universalium

  • Goddard, Robert Hutchings — born Oct. 5, 1882, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 10, 1945, Baltimore, Md. U.S. inventor, regarded as the father of modern rocketry. He received his doctorate (1911) from Clark University, where he taught for much of his career. In laboratory… …   Universalium

  • space elevator —       a concept for lifting mass out of Earth s (Earth) gravity well without using rockets (rocket) in which an extremely strong cable extends from Earth s surface to the height of geostationary orbit (35,786 km [22,236 miles]) or beyond. The… …   Universalium

  • Moscow State Aviation Technological University — MATI Moscow State Aviation Technological University Main building in Moscow Established 1932 Type Public …   Wikipedia

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