TIE


TIE
   A term used in this encyclopedia to designate a work whose subject matter is tied to a previous work or concept. In some respects, therefore, a tie clearly resembles a sequel. However, ties can be differentiated from sequels in two ways: first, a tie is generally written to occupy a different format or genre than the work which inspires it - novelizations are, for instance, often spun off from films, an example being The Sensitives * (1968), Louis CHARBONNEAU's novelization of a script writtenby Deane ROMANO - and, second, a tie is almost always written by some person other than the author or creator of the original work or concept. Ties can be spun off, therefore, from almost any kind of source: fromstories, novels, series, comics, films, tv series, BRAIDS and other SHARED-WORLD enterprises, GAMES AND TOYS, or concepts put out for hire bypackagers like Byron PREISS.The first ties were almost certainly shared-world anthologies like Mugby Junction * (anth 1866 chap), ed Charles DICKENS as a special Christmas Number of his journal All the YearRound; and film novelizations can be found from before WWI, though most books-of-the-film, until at least 1950, were in fact simple reprintings of the original novel, sometimes with movie stills inserted. With the increasing commodification of sf in the 1980s, ties suddenly became very common, and were often found in conjunction with sharecropping activities. Ties can be distinguished from SHARECROPS by the fact that ties aredefined by their relationship to the source of their inspiration, while sharecrops - though they usually involve ties-are, strictly speaking, works of any sort written for hire.The most interesting tied enterprises in the 1980s and 1990s are probably shared-world anthologies like George R.R. MARTIN's WILD CARDS sequence from 1987 and the War World books edfrom 1988 by Jerry POURNELLE, John F. CARR and Roland J. GREEN; but works of interest can be found through the whole range of the phenomenon.In this encyclopedia ties are signalled by an asterisk placed between the title and the date of the work.
   JC

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

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  • Tie — Les TIE (Double Moteur a Ions en français et Twin Ion Engine en anglais) sont une grande famille de vaisseaux et véhicules présents dans La Guerre des étoiles. Sommaire 1 Histoire 1.1 L’Empire Sith 1.2 La fin de l’Ancienne République …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TiE — (formerly The Indus Entrepreneurs ) is a global nonprofit dedicated to fostering entrepreneurship. TiE has 49 chapters in eleven countries, with a total membership exceeding 12,000. TiE is most closely affiliated with the South Asian business… …   Wikipedia

  • tie — [tī] vt. tied, tying or tieing [ME tien < OE tigan, tegan; akin to teag, a rope: for IE base see TOW1] 1. to fasten, attach, or bind together or to something else, as with string, cord, or rope made secure by knotting, etc. [to tie someone s… …   English World dictionary

  • Tie — may refer to: Necktie, a long piece of cloth worn around the neck or shoulders Tie (draw), a finish to a competition with identical results, particularly sports Tie (engineering), a strong component designed to keep two objects closely linked… …   Wikipedia

  • tie — [taɪ] verb tied PTandPP tying PRESPART tie up phrasal verb [transitive] 1. tie ↔ something up to use money for something so that it is not easily available to be used for anything else …   Financial and business terms

  • Tie — ist der ISO 639 3 Code der Niger Kongo Sprache Tingal der IATA Code des Flughafens von Tippi in Äthiopien die Abkürzung von Toy Industry of Europe, den Dachverband der europäischen Spielzeugindustrie die Abkürzung von The International… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tie — [n1] fastening attachment, band, bandage, bond, brace, connection, cord, fastener, fetter, gag, hookup, joint, knot, ligament, ligature, link, network, nexus, outfit, rope, strap, string, tackle, tie in, tie up, yoke, zipper; concept 680 tie [n2] …   New thesaurus

  • tie up — tie [n1] fastening attachment, band, bandage, bond, brace, connection, cord, fastener, fetter, gag, hookup, joint, knot, ligament, ligature, link, network, nexus, outfit, rope, strap, string, tackle, tie in, tie up, yoke, zipper; concept 680 tie… …   New thesaurus

  • TIE — ist: der ISO 639 3 Code der Niger Kongo Sprache Tingal der IATA Code des Flughafens von Tippi in Äthiopien die Abkürzung von Toy Industry of Europe, den Dachverband der europäischen Spielzeugindustrie die Abkürzung von The International… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tie-in — ˈtie in noun [countable] MARKETING 1. a product such as a record, book, or toy that is connected with a new film, TV show etc: • Many of the books in the bestseller lists are TV tie ins. 2. a way of Promoting (= attracting people s attention to)… …   Financial and business terms

  • Tie — Tie, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tied}(Obs. {Tight}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Tying}.] [OE. ti?en, teyen, AS. t[=i]gan, ti[ e]gan, fr. te[ a]g, te[ a]h, a rope; akin to Icel. taug, and AS. te[ o]n to draw, to pull. See {Tug}, v. t., and cf. {Tow} to drag.] 1.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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