Newcomers to sf are occasionally dismayed by its jargon. Certain concepts have become so useful in sf (and also in talking about it) that they tend to be referred to - especially by GENRE-SF writers - in a kind of shorthand and without explanation. Many receive entries in this volume, sometimes brief (CREDITS), sometimes detailed (ANDROIDS, CLONES, ROBOTS). We regard the briefer entries, mainly devoted to definition, as"terminology" entries and the fuller entries as "theme" entries. This encyclopedia contains 64 terminology entries and 211 theme entries. In the listing below we have marked the latter with an asterisk (TIE).Many but not all sf jargon words and phrases are now recognized by dictionaries. The ones to which we have chosen to give entries are as follows. First isa cluster of terms used by sf readers and critics to describe different aspects of the genre, including CYBERPUNK*, DYSTOPIAS*, EDISONADE*, GAME-WORLDS*, GENRE SF, HARD SF, HEROIC FANTASY, LOST WORLDS*, MONSTERMOVIES*, NEW WAVE*, PLANETARY ROMANCE*, SCIENCE FANTASY*, SF, SCI FI, SCIENTIFIC ROMANCE, SCIENTIFICTION, SHARECROP, SHARED WORLDS*, SLIPSTREAM SF, SOFT SF, SPACE OPERA*, SPECULATIVE FICTION, STEAMPUNK*, SWORD AND SORCERY*, UTOPIA*. Second is a cluster of terms borrowed from outside sf, usually from science, but much used within sf, sometimes with modified meanings: ALIENS*, ANDROIDS*, ANTIMATTER*, AI, BIONICS, BLACK HOLES*, CLONES*, CRYOGENICS, CRYONICS*, CULTURAL ENGINEERING, CYBERNETICS*,DIMENSIONS, DYSON SPHERE, ENTROPY*, ESP*, EXTRATERRESTRIAL, GALACTIC LENS, HOLLOW EARTH*, ION DRIVE, LAGRANGE POINT, MUTANTS*, NANOTECHNOLOGY*, NEUTRON STAR*, PARSEC, PULSARS, SOLAR WIND, SPACE HABITATS*, SUPERMAN*, SUSPENDED ANIMATION*, TACHYONS, TELEKINESIS, TELEPORTATION, TERRA, UFOS*, VIRTUAL REALITY*, WHITE HOLES, WORMHOLES. The final cluster is of terms which either originate within sf or would be almost unknown were it not for sf: ALTERNATE WORLDS*, ANSIBLE, ANTIGRAVITY*, ASTROGATION, BIG DUMB OBJECTS, BEM, BLASTER, CORPSICLE, CREDITS, CYBERSPACE, CYBORGS*, DALEKS,DEATH RAYS, DIRAC COMMUNICATOR, DISINTEGRATOR, ESPER, FORCE FIELD*, FRANKENSTEIN MONSTER, FTL, GAS GIANT, GENERATION STARSHIPS*, HIVE-MINDS*, HYPERSPACE*, INNER SPACE, MATTER TRANSMISSION*, PANTROPY, PARALLEL WORLDS*, POSITRONIC ROBOTS, PRESSOR BEAM, PSIONICS, PSI POWERS*, PSYCHOHISTORY, RIMWORLD, ROBOTS*, SPACESHIPS*, SPACE WARP, SPINDIZZY, STARSHIP, TERRAFORMING*, TIME MACHINE, TIME PARADOXES*, TIME TRAVEL*, TRACTOR BEAM, WALDO.Sf fans have also developed a specialist terminology, but this is quite distinct, generally, from the terminology of sf itself. It is discussed under FAN LANGUAGE.Terminology entries not listed aboveare BRAID, DIANETICS, DOS, GENERAL SEMANTICS, IMAGINARY VOYAGES, MAGAZINES, MAGIC REALISM, ORIGINAL ANTHOLOGIES, OULIPO, ROBINSONADE,SCIENTOLOGY, SEMIPROZINE, SOFT SCIENCES, SPLATTER MOVIES, XENOBIOLOGY.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Terminology — is the study of terms and their use. Terms are words and compound words that are used in specific contexts. Not to be confused with terms in colloquial usages, the shortened form of technical terms (or terms of art) which are defined within a… …   Wikipedia

  • Terminology — Ter mi*nol o*gy, n. [L. terminus term + logy: cf. F. terminologie.] 1. The doctrine of terms; a theory of terms or appellations; a treatise on terms. [1913 Webster] 2. The terms actually used in any business, art, science, or the like;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • terminology — [tʉr΄mə näl′ə jē] n. pl. terminologies [Ger terminologie < ML terminus, a term < L (see TERM2) + Ger logie, LOGY] 1. the terms or system of terms used in a specific science, art, etc.; nomenclature [lexicographer s terminology] 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • terminology — index denomination, language, parlance, phraseology Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • terminology — (n.) 1801, from Ger. Terminologie (1786), a hybrid coined by C.G. Schütz of Jena, from M.L. terminus word, expression (see TERMINUS (Cf. terminus)) + Gk. logia a dealing with, a speaking of (see LOGY (Cf. logy)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • terminology — [n] wording choice of words, diction, jargon, language, lingo, locution, nomenclature, onomastics, phraseology, phrasing, turn of phrase, vocabulary, wordage, words; concepts 278,682 …   New thesaurus

  • terminology — ► NOUN (pl. terminologies) ▪ the body of terms used in a subject of study, profession, etc. DERIVATIVES terminological adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • terminology — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ modern, new ▪ basic, common, standard ▪ correct, proper ▪ precise …   Collocations dictionary

  • terminology — n. 1) to codify, create, establish, standardize (a) terminology 2) basic; legal; scientific; technical terminology * * * create establish legal scientific standardize (a) terminology technical terminology basic to codify …   Combinatory dictionary

  • terminology — [[t]tɜ͟ː(r)mɪnɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] terminologies N VAR: usu with supp The terminology of a subject is the set of special words and expressions used in connection with it. ...gastritis, which in medical terminology means an inflammation of the stomach …   English dictionary

  • terminology — terminological /terr meuh nl oj i keuhl/, adj. terminologically, adv. terminologist, n. /terr meuh nol euh jee/, n., pl. terminologies. 1. the system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject; nomenclature: the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.