ROBIDA, Albert
(1848-1926)
   French illustrator, lithographer and writer. AR was the most important and popular of 19th-century sf illustrators, and may even be said to have founded the genre, though he was clearly working in the tradition of such French fantastic artists as Grandville (Jean Gerard; 1803-1847) and Gustave Dore (1832-1883). Always interested in DYSTOPIASand SATIRE, he illustrated works by François RABELAIS, CYRANO DE BERGERAC, Jonathan SWIFT and Camille FLAMMARION among others, but his most importantworks had texts by himself. These were very often first published as periodical-series, each instalment being slim, and then later in most cases as books. AR took up sf themes with his gently satirical homage to Jules VERNE's Voyages extraordinaires with Voyages tres extraordinaires deSaturnin Farandoul, a 100-part periodical beginning June 1879. It was later collected as 5 books (all 1882): Le roi des singes ("King of the Monkeys"), Le tour du monde en plus de 80 jours ("Round the World in Morethan 80 Days"), Les quatre reines ("The Four Queens"), A la recherche de l'elephant blanc ("In Search of the White Elephant") and S. Exc. M. le Gouverneur du Pole Nord ("His Excellency the Governor of the North Pole").A more prophetic work was Le vingtieme siecle ("The 20th Century"), a periodical in 50 parts beginning Jan 1882. There followed another series appearing later as La vie electrique ("The Electric Life") (1883), set in 1955. AR's ironically half-amused but pessimistic view of the likelynature of future WAR (many of his predictions proved all too true) appeared in \#200 of the humorous magazine La Caricature (1883) as "La guerre au vingtieme siecle" ("War in the 20th Century"), set in 1975, and in a book with the same title but different contents, La guerre au vingtieme siecle (1887), set in 1945. A TIME-TRAVEL fantasy, serialized in the magazine Le petit francais illustre in 1890, Jadis chez aujourd'hui("The Long-Ago is with Us Today"), features a scientist resuscitating Moliere and other literary figures in order to show them the UniversalExhibition of 1889, which bores them. L'horloge des siecles ("Clock of the Centuries") (1902) is one of the earliest treatments of the time-reversal theme later used by, for example, Philip K. DICK in Counter-Clock World (1967), Brian W. ALDISS in An Age (1967; vt Cryptozoic! US) and MartinAMIS in Time's Arrow (1991). AR continued to produce quite prolifically, his last work being another future fantasy entitled Un chalet dans les airs ("Castle in the Air") (1925).The texts to the above works are generally undistinguished. The ILLUSTRATIONS, however, mostly in a vein of detailed caricature, are consistently inventive and amusing. AR worked mostly with lithographic pencil and crayon, achieving a haphazard but impressive vigour. The figures are very much those of Victorian Europe, dressed in the fashions of the time, and involved in various busy scenes with a huge variety of modernistic devices. Among his hundreds of predictions were the videophone and germ warfare. His machines and WEAPONS were usually well designed - some may actually have been practicable - although his flying machines look distinctly un-airworthy. The ironic intelligence of his work is rather undermined by his inability to imagine the future except in terms of more and more gadgetry: social mores remain frozen in the Victorian mould. AR had a strong influence on the future-war genre.
   PN/JG
   See also: FRANCE; TRANSPORTATION.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

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  • Robida, Albert — ▪ French illustrator born May 14, 1848, Compiègne, France died Oct. 11, 1926, Neuilly  early pioneer of science fiction and founding father of science fiction art.       Despite severe myopia, Robida as a child had a passion for drawing. He… …   Universalium

  • Albert Robida — Albert Robida, né à Compiègne le 14 mars 1848 et mort à Neuilly sur Seine le 11 octobre 1926, est un dessinateur, lithographe, aquafortiste, caricaturiste, journaliste et romancier français. Son fils Camille devint un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Robida — Albert Robida. Albert Robida, nacido en Compiègne el 14 de marzo de 1848 y muerto en Neuilly sur Seine el 11 de octubre de 1926, fue dibujante, litógrafo, grabador, caricaturista, periodista y novelista francés. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • ROBIDA (A.) — ROBIDA ALBERT (1848 1926) Dans ses lignes générales, l’activité d’Albert Robida ressemble fort à celle de Gustave Doré. Comme ce dernier, il a illustré les grands textes de la littérature française et étrangère, comme lui il a éprouvé la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albert Robida — La vie éléctrique Albert Robida (* 14. März 1848 in Co …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Robida — (1848 1926) was an illustrator, etcher, lithographer, caricaturist, and novelist.He was born in Compiègne, France, the son of a carpenter. He studied to become a notary, but was more interested in caricature. In 1866 he joined Journal Amusant as… …   Wikipedia

  • Robida — ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Albert Robida (1848–1926), französischer Schriftsteller, Zeichner, Maler, Karikaturist und Journalist Siehe auch: Robidas Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robida — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Albert Robida (1848 1926) est un dessinateur et romancier français. Michel Robida est un écrivain français. Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camille Robida — est un architecte français, né à Paris le 7 mars 1880, mort à Nantes le 8 janvier 1938. Il est le fils du dessinateur et romancier Albert Robida. En 1902, il remporte avec l architecte Charles Duval le concours lancé pour la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Villa Albert-Robida — 19e arrt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Telephonoskop — Albert Robida La vie éléctrique Albert Robida (* 14. März 1848 in Compiègne; † 11. Oktober 1926 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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