REED, Ishmael (Scott)

REED, Ishmael (Scott)
   US writer, poet and playwright who emerged in the 1960s as a central representative of the New Black Aesthetic movement, and a figure controversial to the Black critical establishment from the publication of his first novel, The Free-Lance Pallbearers (1967), a powerful SATIRE. In this and in books like Yellow-Back Radio Broke-Down (1969) and Mumbo Jumbo (1972), whose main characters use Black humour to express their outrage inthe face of oppression, he mixed elements of surreal satire and MAGIC-REALIST fantasy into complex plots, calling this distinctiveliterary method Neo-Hoodooism. Further such tales include The Last Days of Louisiana Red (1974) and Flight to Canada (1975). In several of thesebooks grotesquely overelaborated thriller plots carry the burden of the flamboyant text, and similar plots - featuring a bemused detective named Nance Saturday - shape his genuine sf novels, The Terrible Twos (1982) andThe Terrible Threes (1989). In the first of these sad and rather savage NEAR FUTURE satires the US President is a male model with an IQ of 55; the second is a DYSTOPIAN vision of the Reagan years. Critics have seen IR's use of humour as an attempt to distract attention from important social issues and his suspicion of Black FEMINISTS as less than persuasive; by contrast, Thomas PYNCHON and other authors of contemporary interest have cited IR as an exemplary writer.
   Other works: Shrovetide in Old New Orleans (coll 1978), essays and interviews; Reckless Eyeballing (1986).

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

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  • Reed, Ishmael — ▪ American author in full  Ishmael Scott Reed   born Feb. 22, 1938, Chattanooga, Tenn., U.S.       African American author of poetry, essays, and satiric novels.       Reed grew up in Buffalo, N.Y., and studied at the University of Buffalo. He… …   Universalium

  • Ishmael Reed — Ishmael Scott Reed (February 22, 1938) is an American poet, essayist and novelist. Reed is one of the best known African American writers of his generation, and along with Amiri Baraka is one of the most controversial (and politically left… …   Wikipedia

  • Reed — /reed/, n. 1. Sir Carol, 1906 76, British film director. 2. Ishmael (Scott), born 1938, U.S. novelist and poet. 3. John, 1887 1920, U.S. journalist and poet. 4. Stanley Forman /fawr meuhn/, 1884 1980, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S.… …   Universalium

  • Reed —   [riːd],    1) Sir (seit 1952) Carol, britischer Filmregisseur, * London 30. 12. 1906, ✝ ebenda 25. 4. 1976; kam 1924 (als Schauspieler) zum Theater; ab 1935 Filmregisseur; während des Krieges Dokumentarist.   Filme: Die Sterne blicken herab… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Yellow Back Radio Broke-Down — Infobox Book | name = Yellow Back Radio Broke Down image caption = Reissue Dalkey Archive Press edition cover cover design = Todd Michael Bushman photo by Christine Preston author = Ishmael Reed country = United States language = English genre =… …   Wikipedia

  • American literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language in the United States.       Like other national literatures, American literature was shaped by the history of the country that produced it. For almost a century and a… …   Universalium

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  • List of Guggenheim Fellowships awarded in 1975 — 1975 U.S. and Canadian Fellows= * Edward Ostrander Abbey, Deceased. Fiction: 1975. * Claus Adam, Deceased. Music Composition: 1975 * Ai, Poet; Professor of English, Oklahoma State University: 1975. Appointed as Ogawa, Pelorhankhe Ai L heah. *… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

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