NABOKOV, Vladimir
(1899-1977)
   Russian-born US novelist, poet, translator and entomologist. Raised in Russia until the Revolution, and then educated at Cambridge, he lived between the wars in Germany and France, emigrated to the USA in 1940 - at which point he began to write in English rather than Russian - andfrom 1959 lived in Switzerland. His first books of poetry date from the teens of the century, his first novel from 1926, though he came to world fame only after the publication, many books later, of Lolita (1955 France). Several of his novels can be read precariously in terms of theirfantasy or sf elements - including Korol', Dama, Valet (1928 Germany; trans Dmitri Nabokov and VN as King, Queen, Knave 1968 US), which features automata; the afterlife fantasy Soglyadatay (1930 France; trans Dmitri Nabokov and VN as The Eye 1965 US); Priglashenie na kasn' (1938 France;trans Dmitri Nabokov and VN as Invitation to a Beheading 1959 US), a fable which ends in a state beyond death; the DYSTOPIA Bend Sinister (1947); and Pale Fire (1962 US), which transforms RURITANIAN manias into deeplyintricate parable. But VN's FABULATIONS tend to an austere self-referentiality, and are not easily pigeonholed. (It has also been suggested that all VN's novels from Pnin (1957) to Transparent Things (1972) contain attempts at communication from dead characters to the living.)Nevertheless Izobretenie Val'sa (1938 France; rev text trans Dmitri Nabokov as The Waltz Invention 1966 US) is a genuine sf play; itseponymous protagonist, having invented a kind of atomic device, demands to rule his country or he will cause apocalypse. Some of the stories assembled in Nabokov's Dozen (coll 1958) as well as "Poseshchenie muzeya (1939; trans as "The Visit to the Museum" 1963) and "The Vane Sisters"(1959), both found in Nabokov's Quartet (coll 1966 US), and "Lance" (1952), found in Nabokov's Congeries (coll 1968 US), are of sf or fantasy interest. Ada, or Ardor: A Family Chronicle (1969 US) has likewise been treated as sf, though perhaps not fruitfully. Certainly Ada depicts an ALTERNATE WORLD, whether or not this Anti-Terra has been created byprotagonist Van Veen as a counterpoint to and justification of incest; the book can therefore be read with some interest for its rendering of sf elements, though the novel itself comprises much, much more. However individual texts might be defined, VN was concerned in all his work to shape versions of the creative act. The materials he used were subjunctive to the shaping, not vice versa, as in sf.
   JC"
   See also: HISTORY OF SF; OULIPO.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nabokov, Vladimir — (1899–1977)    Born in St. Petersburg, Nabokov grew up in pre Revolutionary Russia. He took a degree in literature at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1922, and thereafter lived in France and Germany, where he wrote novels in Russian. Nabokov… …   The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick

  • Nabokov, Vladimir — ▪ American author in full  Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov  born April 22, 1899, St. Petersburg, Russia died July 2, 1977, Montreux, Switz.  Russian born American novelist and critic, the foremost of the post 1917 émigré authors. He wrote in both… …   Universalium

  • Nabokov, Vladimir — ► (1899 1977) Escritor ruso. En sus obras ironiza la vida cotidiana. Autor de Lolita (1955), Ada o el Ardor (1969), Glory (1971) y Mira los arlequines, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nabokov, Vladimir —    см. Набоков, Владимир …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Nabokov, Vladimir (Vladimirovich) — (22 abr. 1899, San Petersburgo, Rusia– 2 jul. 1977, Montreux, Suiza). Novelista y crítico estadounidense de origen ruso. De familia aristocrática, tuvo institutrices inglesas y francesas. Publicó dos poemarios antes de abandonar Rusia en 1919… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nabokov, Vladimir Vladimirovich — (1899 1977)    A Russian American novelist and short story writer who experienced * synaesthesias of the grapheme colour type, meaning that he perceived coloured textures and shapes in association with letters of the alphabet. Nabokov referred to …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Nabokov, Vladimir (Vladimirovich) — born April 22, 1899, St. Petersburg, Russia died July 2, 1977, Montreux, Switz. Russian born U.S novelist and critic. Born to an aristocratic family, he had an English speaking governess. He published two collections of verse before leaving… …   Universalium

  • Nabokov,Vladimir Vladimirovich — Na·bo·kov (nə bôʹkəf, näʹbə kôf , năbʹə ), Vladimir Vladimirovich. 1899 1977. Russian born American writer of poetry, short stories, and novels, notably the satirical Lolita (1955). * * * …   Universalium

  • Nabokov — Nabokov, Vladimir …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vladimir Nabokov — (vor allem in englischer Schreibweise bekannt, eigentlich russisch Владимир Владимирович Набоков/ Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Nabokow; * 10.jul./ 22. April 1899greg. in Sankt Petersburg; † 2. Juli 1977 in Montreux) war ein russisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov — Vladimir Nabokov (vor allem in englischer Schreibweise bekannt, eigentlich russisch Владимир Владимирович Набоков/ Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Nabokow; * 10.jul./ 22. April 1899greg. in Sankt Petersburg; † 2. Juli 1977 in Montreux) war ein russisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”