MELIES, Georges
(1861-1938)
   French film pioneer. A natural showman, GM began his theatrical career as a conjurer, designing his own trick gadgets. In 1888 his wealthy family provided him with the finances to buy the Theatre Robert-Houdin, and his magic shows there became famous. In 1896, inspiredby the Lumiere brothers, he acquired a motion-picture camera and began making his own short films. He realized the medium's potential for creating illusions, and was soon producing many films utilizing trick photography as well as the stage effects built into his theatre.His most successful period was 1897-1902. It was in 1902 that he made Le VOYAGE DANS LA LUNE , which is regarded as the first sf movie epic (21 mins long,at a time when 5min movies were the norm). His work was popular in many countries, but even by 1904, when he made Le VOYAGE A TRAVERS L'IMPOSSIBLE , audiences were requiring more than just trick films. By 1913 he wasforced out of business. During WWI many of the negatives of his films were destroyed, and much of his work was lost forever. He enjoyed a comeback in the late 1920s when his surviving films were rediscovered by the French intellectuals of the period. He died with the satisfaction of being recognized as one of the CINEMA's true innovators; he had pioneered many of the techniques on which all subsequent sf cinema has been based.He has also been claimed, retrospectively, as a Surrealist pioneer, but the truth is that his emphasis on mere trickery (and also his use of what was in effect a proscenium arch, so that all action is seen as if it is stage action witnessed from the seats of a theatre) is a long way removed from art; not only does it seem crude now but, after the novelty had worn off, it quickly came to seem crude then.
   JB/PN

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Georges Méliès s first exposure to the cinema coincided exactly with the world s first exposure. On 28 December 1895, Méliès, a magician and the director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in… …   Guide to cinema

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Georges Méliès s first exposure to the cinema coincided exactly with the world s first exposure. On 28 December 1895, Méliès, a magician and the director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in… …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Méliès, Georges — (Marie Georges Jean Méliès / December 8, 1861, Paris, France January 21, 1938, Paris)    The son of a wealthy footwear manufacturer, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and completed his studies of art in London, where he also became …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    film producer, director    Georges Méliès, a pioneer filmmaker whose work had a profound effect on early cinema, was born in Paris. An illusionist by profession (he directed the Théâtre Robert Houdin) and set designer, he made of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Méliès, Georges — born Dec. 8, 1861, Paris, France died Jan. 21, 1938, Paris French filmmaker. He was a professional magician and manager director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in Paris when he saw the first movies made by Auguste and Louis Lumière in 1895. In his… …   Universalium

  • Méliès, Georges — ► (1861 1938) Realizador cinematográfico francés. Tuvo una formación teatral y aportó innovaciones expresivas y técnicas en las que se intuyen soluciones cinematográficas: trucaje, puesta en escena, etc. Películas: Partida de naipes (1896) y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Méliès,Georges — Mé·liès (māl yĕsʹ), Georges. 1861 1938. French film director who was the first to film fictional narratives and created the earliest special effects. His works include A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Conquest of the Pole (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Méliès — Méliès, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Méliès — Born Marie Georges Jean Méliès December 8, 1861(1861 12 08) Paris, France Died Januar …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Melies — Georges Méliès (* 8. Dezember 1861 in Paris; † 21. Januar 1938 ebenda) war ein französischer Illusionist, Theaterbesitzer und Filmregisseur. Er zählt zu den Pionieren der Filmgeschichte und gilt als Erfinder des „narrativen Films“ und der Stop… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melies — Georges Méliès (* 8. Dezember 1861 in Paris; † 21. Januar 1938 ebenda) war ein französischer Illusionist, Theaterbesitzer und Filmregisseur. Er zählt zu den Pionieren der Filmgeschichte und gilt als Erfinder des „narrativen Films“ und der Stop… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”