MAUROIS, Andre
   Pseudonym of prolific French novelist and man of letters Emile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog (1885-1967), in the USA during WWII. He was best known for his romantic biographies and other nonfiction, though his first work, "La derniere histoire du monde" ("The Final History of the World") (1903) as by Emile Herzog, was sf; later included in Premiers contes ("First Stories") (coll 1935) as by AM, it was the first of his several futurehistories. The most interesting of these is Le chapitre suivant (1927 chap; trans anon as The Next Chapter: The War Against the Moon 1928 chap UK), which describes a war against the ostensibly uninhabited Moonconcocted by a cabal of newspaper barons to provide bored mankind with an external enemy; unfortunately the Moon is indeed occupied, and retaliates. This fragment was collected in Deux fragments d'une histoire universelle1992 (coll 1928) with its sequel, "Chapitre CXVIII: La vie des hommes", which appeared in English as the second of the two title stories of The Weigher of Souls and The Earth Dwellers (coll 1963 US); it deals withinhabitants of Uranus who fail to understand the supposedly inferior inhabitants of Earth; this appeared in the collection Relativisme (coll 1930; trans Hamish Miles as A Private Universe 1932 UK). An interestingALTERNATE-WORLDS essay, "If Louis XVI had had an Atom of Firmness", appeared in J.C. Squire's If, or History Rewritten (anth 1931).AM also wrote more conventional sf narratives. Voyage aux pays des Articoles (1927 chap; trans David GARNETT as A Voyage to the Island of the Articoles 1928 chap UK) carries a man and woman to an ISLAND in whose UTOPIAN society the dominant Articole caste is made up of artists who provide the other castes with their raisons d'etre; the tale is ironic. In Le peseur d'ames (1931; trans Hamish Miles as The Weigher of Souls 1931 UK) a doctor discovers that the elan vital is a gas which escapes the body at death; his attempts to mingle in posthumous harmony with his wife are, however, frustrated. This short novel reappeared in The Weigher of Souls and The EarthDwellers. The sf device in La machine a lire les pensees (1937; trans James Whitehall as The Thought-Reading Machine 1938 UK) is a "camera" capable of registering thoughts on photographic film.Though amiability tends to soften the bite of his morality-like tales and his reputation has faded, AM's work is nicely representative of the idiomatic ease with which sf ideas have been used in this century by MAINSTREAM WRITERS, especially in the UK and mainland Europe, as vehicles for the conveyance of satirical material.
   JC/PN
   Other works: Patapoufs et filifers (1930 chap; trans Norman Denny as Fattypuffs and Thinifers 1941 chap UK; vt Patapoufs and Filifers 1948 chap US), a juvenile parable set in an underground land, illustrated by Jean Bruller (VERCORS); Nouveaux discours du Docteur O'Grady (1950; trans Gerard Hopkins as The Return of Dr O'Grady 1951 UK);Illusions (1968), a speculative essay.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

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  • MAUROIS, ANDRÉ — (originally Emile Herzog; 1885–1967), French biographer, novelist, and essayist. Born in Elbeuf, Maurois was descended from Alsatian industrialists who moved to Normandy after the Franco Prussian War. Raised in a staunchly patriotic home, he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maurois, André — (1885 1967) (Émile Herzog)    novelist, essayist, and historian    Born Émile Herzog in Elbeuf, André Maurois, as he is best known, was educated at the university of Caen. His first work, Les Silences du colonel Bramble (1918), is a fictionalized …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Maurois, André — Mau·rois (môr wäʹ), André. Pen name of Émile Herzog. 1885 1967. French writer noted for his essays, biographies, and novels, including Atmosphere of Love (1929) and The Family Circle (1932). * * * orig. Émile Herzog born July 26, 1885, Elbeuf,… …   Universalium

  • Maurois, André — ► (1885 1967) Seudónimo del escritor francés Emile Herzog. De estilo ameno y elegante, alcanzó gran fama con sus novelas Bernardo Quesnay (1926), Climas (1928),Tierra de promisión (1946); anteriormente ya había publicado Los silencios del coronel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maurois, André — pseud. di Herzog, Émile …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Maurois, André (Emile Hertzog) — (1885–1967)    French writer. Among modern French men of letters none has had so notable an affinity with British life and culture as André Maurois. Born in Elbeuf, Normandy, into a family that had settled there from Alsace at the time of the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Maurois, Andre (Herzog, Emile) — (1885 1967)    French novelist. Born in Elbeuf, Normandy he studied in Rouen and Caen. He worked in the family business, but began to publish novels and short stories. Fleeing from France during the war, he went to the US and taught at Princeton… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Maurois — Maurois, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andre Maurois — André Maurois Pour les articles homonymes, voir Maurois. André Maurois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andre Maurois — André Maurois. André Maurois. André Maurois (* 26. Juli 1885 in Elbeuf bei Rouen; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • André Maurois — André Ma …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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