MacFADDEN, Bernarr
(1868-1955)
   US publisher, writer and film producer, born Bernard Adolphus McFadden; much concerned throughout his life with physical culture, and an espouser of nudism and eccentric health routines in various magazines from early in his career. His acknowledged fiction, beginning with The Athlete's Conquest (1892), is neither sf nor fantasy; but he may havepublished some pseudonymous genre works in his own magazines. From 1904 his journals featured sf stories and novels. The first was "My Bride from the Other World", a HOLLOW-EARTH tale by the Rev. E.C. Atkins (who may have been BM himself) in Physical Culture; it was followed by the book-length serial "Weird and Wonderful Story of Another World" (1905) as by Tyman Currio (probably John Russell Coryell (1848-1924) with BM's assistance), and many other stories followed in BM's other journals, which included Brain Power (ed F. Orlin TREMAINE 1921-4), Dance World, Metropolitan Fiction Lovers' Magazine, Midnight and Red-BloodedAdventures. The most important early sf novel thus published was Milo HASTINGS's remarkable "Children of 'Kultur'", which appeared in True Story in 1919 and which, revised as City of Endless Night (1920), was one of the central - and most politically prescient - US DYSTOPIAS. Ghost Stories, which BM ran 1926-30 (it then soon folded under new management), concentrated on the supernatural, as did True Strange Stories, whose founding editor was Walter B. GIBSON; but Liberty, a later (and very substantial) BM magazine, published Fred ALLHOFF's Lightning in the Night (1940; 1979), which assumes the WWII triumph of Germany in Europe (HITLERWINS), though as the novel closes a nuclear stand-off maintains an uneasy peace between Germany and the USA. After WWI, BM's Macfadden Pictures released movies for several years, including Zongar (1918), which features Amazons.BM is most important in the HISTORY OF SF for his role - longobscure - in forcing the bankruptcy of Hugo GERNSBACK in 1929 and taking over AMAZING STORIES, events which occasioned a competitive proliferation of sf magazines; according to Sam MOSKOWITZ - in "Bernarr Macfadden", a 7-part study published in FANTASY COMMENTATOR 1986-92 - BM was, therefore,inadvertently instrumental in setting off the chain of events which a decade later would culminate in the GOLDEN AGE OF SF.
   JC

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Macfadden, Bernarr — orig. Bernard Adolphus McFadden born Aug. 16, 1868, Mill Spring, Mo., U.S. died Oct. 12, 1955, Jersey City, N.J. U.S. publisher and champion of physical health. A sickly orphan by age 11, McFadden began in his teens to increase his strength as an …   Universalium

  • Macfadden, Bernarr — orig. Bernard Adolphus McFadden (16 ago. 1868, Mill Spring, Mo., EE.UU.–12 oct. 1955, Ciudad de Jersey, N.J.). Editor y promotor de la salud física. Huérfano a los 11 años y enfermizo, McFadden comenzó a desarrollar su fuerza física en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernarr Macfadden — Macfadden posing as Michelangelo s “David” in 1905 Born Bernard Adolphus McFadden August 16 …   Wikipedia

  • physical culture — Introduction       philosophy, regimen, or lifestyle seeking maximum physical development through such means as weight (resistance) training, diet, aerobic activity, athletic competition, and mental discipline. Specific benefits include… …   Universalium

  • bodybuilding — /bod ee bil ding/, n. the act or practice of exercising, lifting weights, etc., so as to develop the muscles of the body. Also, body building, body building. [1900 05; from the v. phrase build (up one s) body; see ING1] * * * Developing of the… …   Universalium

  • Atlas, Charles — orig. Angelo Siciliano born Oct. 30, 1893, Acri, Italy died Dec. 24, 1972, Long Beach, N.Y., U.S. Italian born U.S. bodybuilder. Atlas immigrated to the U.S. at age 10. In 1929 he and the advertiser Charles P. Roman launched a course involving… …   Universalium

  • publishing, history of — Introduction       an account of the selection, preparation, and marketing of printed matter from its origins in ancient times to the present. The activity has grown from small beginnings into a vast and complex industry responsible for the… …   Universalium

  • New York Graphic — New York Evening Graphic Format Tabloid Publisher Macfadden Publications Founded 1924 Language English Ceased publication 1932 The New York Evening Graphic (not to be co …   Wikipedia

  • Milo Hastings — c1929. Though a health advocate, Milo was addicted to cigarettes. Later in life, under doctor s orders to give up smoking, the best Milo could do was cut Chesterfield Kings into thirds. He spent even more time servicing the cigarette holder but… …   Wikipedia

  • Amazing Stories — was an American science fiction magazine launched in April 1926 by Hugo Gernsback s Experimenter Publishing. It was the first magazine devoted solely to science fiction. Before Amazing , science fiction stories had made regular appearance in… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Atlas — This article is about Charles Atlas the bodybuilder. For Charles Atlas a pioneer in media dance, see Charles Atlas (Media Dance). Charles Atlas Comic ad from 1949 featuring Charles Atlas Born Angelo Siciliano …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”