LANG, Fritz
(1890-1976)
   Austrian film-maker who, after trouble with the Nazis, left Germany for France in 1933 and emigrated to the USA in 1934. He was originally trained as an architect but preferred the graphic arts; during the years before WWI he supported himself as a cartoonist and caricaturist. He turned to writing after being wounded during WWI, producing several popular thrillers and fantasy romances. After WWI ended he entered the German film industry and began directing a series of lavish melodramas, such as Die Spinnen (1919; vt The Spiders), many of which were sf-related, involving lost races (LOST WORLDS), technology-driven plots to take over the world, etc. In this vein was the first Dr Mabuse film, DR MABUSE, DER SPIELER (1922; vt Dr Mabuse, the Gambler). In 1923-4 he made amajestic 6hr fantasy, based directly on the myth rather than on Wagner: Die Nibelungen (released as 2 separate films, Siegfrieds [Tod vt Siegfried] and Kriemhilds [Rache vt Krimhild's Revenge]). Like all FL's German films, this was cowritten with his wife, Thea VON HARBOU. In 1925 he started work on another epic, his first real sf film, METROPOLIS (1926); it is deservedly the most celebrated of all sf films of the silentperiod. Von Harbau novelized the script as Metropolis * (1926; trans anon 1927 UK). FL's other major sf film was Die FRAU IM MOND (1929; vt The Girlin the Moon); von Harbou's novelization, Frau im Mond * (1928; trans Baroness von Hutten as The Girl in the Moon 1930 UK; cut vt The Rocket tothe Moon; From the Novel, The Girl in the Moon 1930 US) was published in Germany before the film was released.FL's German films of the 1930sincluded the famous murder movie M (1931), which introduced Peter Lorre, and Das Testament des Dr Mabuse (1933; vt The Testament of Dr Mabuse). The latter, parts of which were interpreted as anti-Nazi, involved the master criminal operating through hypnotic powers and even undergoing a form of REINCARNATION, transferring his mind into the body of the director of thelunatic asylum in which he had been locked up at the end of the previous film.FL directed 22 films during his first 25 years in the USA, mostly low-budget though often impressive thrillers, such as Fury (1936), You Only Live Once (1937) and The Big Heat (1953). The nearest thing toanother sf film he ever directed was his last film, made back in Germany, Die TAUSEND AUGEN DES DR MABUSE (1960; vt The Thousand Eyes of Dr Mabuse;vt The Diabolical Dr Mabuse). The influence of FL's harsh, expressive style on genre cinema, especially on thrillers, psychological thrillers and sf films, has been incalculable. He was a master at depicting the compulsiveness and the politics of power, and most film critics regard him as a great director.
   PN/JB
   Further reading: The Cinema of Fritz Lang (1969 US) by Paul M. Jensen; Fritz Lang (1976 UK) by Lotte Eisner; Fritz Lang: The Image \& The Look (1981 US) by Stephen Jenkins.
   See also: CINEMA; CITIES; COMICS; GERMANY; ROCKETS.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LANG, FRITZ — (1890–1976), Austrian film director and screenwriter; son of a non Jewish father and a Jewish mother (Pauline Schlesinger) who converted to Catholicism when Lang was 10 years old. Born in Vienna, Lang went to Berlin in 1919 and, after writing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lang,Fritz — Lang, Fritz. 1890 1976. Austrian born American filmmaker. He made Metropolis (1927), M (1931), and a number of other expressionist films before fleeing to Hollywood from Nazi Germany. His American films include Fury (1936) and The Ministry of… …   Universalium

  • Lang, Fritz — born Dec. 5, 1890, Vienna, Austria Hungary died Aug. 2, 1976, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. Austrian born U.S. film director. He studied architecture in Vienna and served in the Austrian army in World War I. While recovering from war wounds, he began …   Universalium

  • Lang, Fritz — (1890 1976)    director; deemed the most ingenious filmmaker of the Weimar era. Born in Vienna, he studied architecture at the city s Tech nische Hochschule. But an interest in art led him to the Kunstakademie and then to Munich s… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Lang, Fritz — • ЛАНГ (Lang) Фриц (5.12.1890 2.8.1976), нем. режиссёр (ФРГ). Учился в Высш. инж. уч ще, Академии изобразит, иск в и ун те в Вене. В 1910 изучал архитектуру и живопись в Брюсселе, Мюнхене и Париже. В 1916 написал сц. детективного ф. Свадьба в… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Lang, Fritz —    см. Ланг, Фриц …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Lang, Fritz — (1890 1976)    Austrian film director. He initially was a painter in Paris, but returned to Austria at the outbreak of World War I. In 1919 he began directing and produced a number of films. He was offered the directorship of the film industry of …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lang, Fritz — ► (1890 1976) Realizador cinematográfico alemán, de tendencia expresionista. Dirigió: Metrópolis (1926) y El testamento del doctor Mabuse (1933), entre otras. * * * (5 dic. 1890, Viena, Austria Hungría–2 ago. 1976, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lang Fritz — Ланг Фриц (1890 1976) кинорежиссёр, по профессии художник, стоял у истоков немого ( Доктор Мабузе , Нибелунги ) и звукового ( Индийская гробница ) кино. Один из немногих представителей экспрессионизма в кино, образцом которого является фильм… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Lang, Fritz —    см. Ланг, Фриц …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Fritz Lang — Nombre real Fritz Anton Christian Lang Nacimiento 5 de diciembre de 1890 Viena,  Imperio austrohúngaro …   Wikipedia Español

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