KEPLER, Johannes

KEPLER, Johannes
   German astronomer, one-time assistant to Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) and later imperial mathematician and astrologer to the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II. JK's contribution to ASTRONOMY - most notably his 3 laws of planetary motion - provided vital groundwork for Newton's cosmological synthesis. In 1593 JK prepared a dissertation on the heliocentric theory, which explained how events in the heavens would be seen by an observer stationed on the MOON; a new draft, in which the observer is conveniently placed on the Moon by a demon conjured up by his mother, was prepared in 1609 (the manuscript was stolen in 1611 and JK later had to defend his own mother against an accusation of witchcraft, a charge which may have been encouraged by the literary device). Between 1620 and 1630 he annotated the essay extensively, but he died while it wasbeing prepared for publication; it finally appeared as Somnium (1634 in Latin; definitive trans in Kepler's "Somnium" by Edward Rosen 1967; a cuttrans had earlier appeared in Beyond Time and Space, anth 1950 ed August W. DERLETH). The last section constructs a hypothetical ECOLOGY for theMoon, a significant pioneering exercise in the imagination of LIFE ON OTHER WORLDS.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kepler, Johannes — born Dec. 27, 1571, Weil der Stadt, Württemberg died Nov. 15, 1630, Regensburg German astronomer. Born into a poor family, he received a scholarship to the University of Tübingen. He received an M.A. in 1594, after which he became a mathematics… …   Universalium

  • KEPLER, Johannes — (1571 1630) Employed as an astrologer by Habsburg emperors, Johannes Kepler is best remembered for his discovery of the elliptical orbits of the planets. He was relentless in pursuit of universal harmonies, and his magical conception of the… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Kepler , Johannes — (1571–1630) German astronomer The grandfather of Kepler had been the local burgomaster but his father seems to have been a humble soldier away on military service for most of Kepler s early youth. His mother was described by Kepler as… …   Scientists

  • Kepler, Johannes — (1571 1630)    German mathematician and astronomer. His family relocated to the Protestant state of Württemberg while he was still a small child. This principality had developed a strong educational system, and young Kepler benefitted from a… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Kepler, Johannes — ► (1571 1630) Matemático y astrónomo alemán. En su estudio de las órbitas descritas por los planetas, adoptó la teoría de Copérnico, es decir, consideró que la Tierra giraba alrededor de su eje al mismo tiempo que se desplazaba en una órbita… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kepler, Johannes — (or Keppler, 1571–1630) The founder of modern astronomy, Kepler was born near Stuttgart. It was as an assistant to the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546–1601) that he began his astronomical career, and from Tycho he derived his respect for… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Kepler, Johannes — (1571 AD 1630 AD)    This German astronomer and philosopher showed that the planets moved in elliptical orbits, not round ones as was previously believed. He formulated and certified the three laws of planetary motion, called Kepler s laws. They… …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • Kepler,Johannes — Kep·ler (kĕpʹlər), Johannes. 1571 1630. German astronomer and mathematician. Considered the founder of modern astronomy, he formulated three laws to describe how the planets revolve around the sun. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kepler Johannes — см. тж. Wohnhaus Keplers …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • KEPLER, Johannes — (1571 1630)    German ASTRONOMER who discovered the laws of planetary motion as a result of both observation and his BELIEF in MYSTICAL theories …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Kepler, Johannes — Keplero, Giovanni …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.