JARRY, Alfred

JARRY, Alfred
   French writer who carried the fruits of his scientific education into his surreal avant-garde writing, particularly the influence of the French evolutionary philosopher Henri Bergson (1859-1941). AJ's famous play Ubu roi (1896; trans 1951 UK) and its several sequels - including Ubu enchaine (1900; trans B. Keith and G. Legman as King Turd 1953 UK) - helped found the THEATRE of the absurd, and he created themock-science of 'pataphysics (IMAGINARY SCIENCE), which studies exceptions rather than laws and aspires to provide imaginary solutions to practical problems. H.G. WELLS's THE TIME MACHINE (1895) inspired him to write the speculative essay "How to Construct a Time Machine" (1899) (TIME TRAVEL). His most sciencefictional work is Le surmale (1901; transBarbara Wright as The Supermale 1964 UK; rev 1968), a comic fantasy featuring a SUPERMAN who, nourished on superfood, wins an extraordinary bicycle race against a six-man team and performs astonishing feats of erotic endurance before perishing in the passionate embrace of an amorous MACHINE. Also of interest is the disorganized and extravagant"neoscientific romance" Gestes et opinions du docteur Faustroll, 'Pataphysician (1911; trans as "Exploits and Opinions of Dr Faustroll, 'Pataphysician" in Selected Works of Alfred Jarry ed Roger Shattuck and Simon Watson-Taylor, coll 1965 UK). There are minor fantastic elements in his hallucinatory first novel, Les jours et les nuits (1897; trans Alexis Lykiard as Days and Nights 1989 in an edition which also includes themythological extravaganza L'autre Alceste (1947 chap) trans Simon Watson-Taylor as "The Other Alcestis") and in his bawdy historical romance Messaline (1901; trans John Harman as Messalina 1985 UK). AJ's influence on modern sf writers (ABSURDIST SF; FABULATION) is best exemplified by J. G. BALLARD's "The Assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy Considered as aDownhill Motor Race" (1967), which echoes AJ's "Commentair pour servir a la construction pratique de la machine a explorer le temps" (1900), most familiar in trans as "The Crucifixion of Christ Considered as an Uphill Bicycle Race" (1965).
   Other works: Caesar-Antichrist (1895; trans Antony Melville as Caesar Antichrist 1992 UK).

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

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  • Jarry, Alfred — born Sept. 8, 1873, Laval, France died Nov. 1, 1907, Paris French writer. He went to Paris to live on his inheritance at age 18; after exhausting it, he led a life of calculated buffoonery. His farce Ubu Roi (1896), considered a forerunner of… …   Universalium

  • Jarry, Alfred — ► (1873 1907) Literato francés. Considerado precursor de los dadaístas y surrealistas. Autor de Ubu, rey (1906), célebre farsa épica. * * * (8 sep. 1873, Laval, Francia–1 nov. 1907, París). Escritor francés. Se trasladó a París a los 18 años para …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jarry, Alfred —   (1873 1907)   see hysteresis , imaginary , modernity , pataphysics and time + history …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Alfred Jarry — Nombre completo Alfred Henry Jarry Nacimiento 8 de septiembre de 1873 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jarry — Alfred Jarry (* 8. September 1873 in Laval, Département Mayenne (Bretagne), Frankreich; † 1. November 1907 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographisches 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Jarry — (8 September 1873 ndash; 1 November 1907) was a French writer born in Laval, Mayenne, France, not far from the border of Brittany; he was of Breton descent on his mother s side. Best known for his play Ubu Roi (1896), which is often cited as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Jarry — may refer to:In places: *Jarry (Montreal Metro), a station of the Montreal Metro (subway), Canada *Jarry Street, a street in Montreal. *Z.I. Jarry, the commercial/light industrial suburb of Pointe à Pitre, Guadeloupe People with the surname Jarry …   Wikipedia

  • Jarry — Jarry, Alfred Jarry, Gastón …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jarry — (Alfred) (1873 1907) écrivain français. Il annonce Dada, le surréalisme et le théâtre de l absurde. Romans: les Jours et les Nuits (1897), le Surmâle (1902), Gestes et opinions du Dr Faustroll, pataphysicien (posth., 1911). Théâtre: Ubu roi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alfred Jarry — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jarry. Alfred Jarry Activités Écrivain, romancier et dramaturge N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred — /al fred, frid/, n. a male given name: from the Old English words meaning elf and counsel. * * * I known as Alfred the Great born 849 died 899 King of Wessex (871–99) in southwestern England. He joined his brother Ethelred I in confronting a… …   Universalium

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