HOWELLS, William Dean


HOWELLS, William Dean
(1837-1920)
   US writer, best known for his many realist novels from 1870 onwards. His UTOPIAN sequence, A Traveler from Altruria (1892-3 Cosmopolitan; 1894) and Through the Eye of the Needle (Part One 1894Cosmopolitan; exp 1907), is a deceptively mild-mannered assault on the pretensions of late-19th-century US democracy and culture, seen from the perspective of a dreamlike visitor from Altruria, a land where the principles of Christianity and of the US Constitution, taken literally, result in an ethical form of socialism. In the second volume the visitor returns to Altruria with his US bride, and both send letters back describing that land, whose nature is somewhat influenced by the work of Edward BELLAMY, more so by that of William MORRIS. Capitalism has beenreplaced by a genuine altruistic "neighbourliness", and the two books attack hypocrisy and the more ruthless forms of capitalism in a manner both unmistakable and highly telling, even though gently put. Letters of an Altrurian Traveler (1893-4 Cosmopolitan; 1961) assembles bridging material WDH published only in magazine form; The Altrurian Romances (omni 1968) reprints everything. Much the same narrative technique reappearsmovingly in The Seen and Unseen at Stratford-on-Avon (1914), whose revived but ghostly Shakespeare, addressing the 20th-century narrator, sweetly defends his right to be considered the author of his own plays; the book is an answer to Mark TWAIN's Is Shakespeare Dead? (1909) which, after the fashion of the time, argues Francis BACON's authorship. Questionable Shapes (coll 1903) and Between the Dark and the Daylight (coll 1907),neither sf, assemble (along with other work) CLUB STORIES in which the psychologist Wanhope scientifically debunks the ghost stories of his fellow members.
   JC
   Other works: The Undiscovered Country 1880); The Leatherwood God (1916).As Editor: Shapes that Haunt the Dusk (anth 1907) with Henry Mills Alden.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Encyclopedia. . 2011.

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  • Howells,William Dean — How·ells (houʹəlz), William Dean. 1837 1920. American writer and editor in chief (1871 1881) of the Atlantic Monthly, who encouraged a number of writers, including Mark Twain and Henry James. He also wrote many novels, such as The Rise of Silas… …   Universalium

  • Howells, William Dean — born March 1, 1837, Martins Ferry, Ohio, U.S. died May 11, 1920, New York, N.Y. U.S. novelist and critic. He wrote a campaign biography of Abraham Lincoln (1860) and served as consul in Venice during Lincoln s administration. As editor of the… …   Universalium

  • Howells, William Dean — (1 mar. 1837, Martins Ferry, Ohio, EE.UU.–11 may. 1920, Nueva York, N.Y.). Novelista y crítico estadounidense. Escribió una biografía de campaña de Abraham Lincoln (1860) y fue cónsul en Venecia durante su gobierno. Como editor de la revista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Howells, William Dean — (1837 1920)    The eminent critic, novelist, poet, and playwright was born in Martin s Ferry, Ohio, and was contributing to Ohio newspapers by age 15. In 1871, he became editor of the Atlantic Monthly. His close friendship with Mark Twain was a… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • HOWELLS, WILLIAM DEAN —    a popular American novelist, the son of a Swedenborgian journalist, born at Martin s Ferry, Ohio; adopted journalism as a profession, produced a popular Life of Lincoln, and from 1861 to 1865 was Consul at Venice; resuming journalism he became …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Howells, William Dean —  (1837–1920) American critic, editor, and writer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Howells, William Dean —    D.Litt. (b. 1837)    American novelist, etc. A Foregone Conclusion, A Chance Acquaintance, A Counterfeit Presentment, The Undiscovered Country, Modern Italian Poets, Indian Summer, Heroines of Fiction (1901), Miss Bellard s Inspiration (1905) …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Howells, William Dean —    см. Хоуэллс, Уильям Дин …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • William Dean Howells — William Dean Howells, né à Martinsville (Ohio) le 1er mars 1837 et mort dans la Nouvelle Angleterre le 11 mai 1920, est un écrivain réaliste et critique littéraire américain. Il a été imprimeur jou …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Dean Howells — William Dean Howells. William Dean Howells (Martin s Ferry, Ohio, 1 de marzo de 1837 Nueva York, 11 de mayo de 1920), viajero, hispanista y escritor estadounidense, asociado al Realismo. Trayectori …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Dean Howells House (Cambridge) — Infobox nrhp | name =Howells, William Dean, House nrhp type = caption = William Dean Howells House location= Cambridge, Massachusetts lat degrees = 42 lat minutes = 22 lat seconds = 48.37 lat direction = N long degrees = 71 long minutes = 7 long… …   Wikipedia


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